தனிமை ,சோகம் ,கவலை , அவசியமில்லாத சிரிப்பு ,அதிக பேச்சு ,கோபம் ,எதையும் பேசாமல் தனித்திருப்பது ,அழுகை இப்படி சிலர் சில நேரங்களில் அசாதாரணமாக நடப்பது இன்றைய காலத்தில்அதிகமாக இருக்கிரகுடு.
இதை சிசோப்ரினியா என்று சொல்கிறார்கள் .100 பேரில் ஒருவர் பாதிக்கப்பட்டிருப்பார் .ஆண்கள் பெண்களை விட அதிகம் இந்த நோயால் பாதிக்கப் படுவர்.17 வயது முதலே இது கண்டுபிடிக்கப் படுக்கிறது .சிறு குழந்தைகளில் கூட 6 வயதிலே இந்த பாதிப்பு இருப்பது தெரிகிறது .இப்படி மன நோயாளிகளில் 50 % பேர் இந்த நோய் கொண்டவர்கள் .
இப்படி சொல்கிறது இந்த New York வெப் சைட் .
நம் ஊரில் இன்றைய நிலையில் பல குடும்பங்கள் இந்த நோய் பாதிக்கப்பட்டு இருக்கின்றன .இது வம்ச வழி நோய் அல்ல என்றாலும் குடும்பங்களில் இது வழி வருகிறது .இதற்குக் காரணம் ஒரே சூழ்நிலை ,கவலை ,பயம் ,சண்டை இவற்றுடன் உள்ள வாழ்கை முறை மனிதனின் மனதை சிதைய வைத்து இந்த நோய் இளம் வயதிலேயே வர ஏதுவாகிறது .மனம் தைரியமாக எந்த ஒரு முயற்சியும் எடுக்காமல் இருக்கும் குடும்பங்கள் பல இந்த நோய் உள்ள வாரிசுகளை உருவாக்குகின்றனர் .இப்படி பல குடும்பங்கள் இந்த நோய் வளரும் சூழ்நிலை மாற்றி நல்ல வாரிசுகள் உருவாக்க பிராணிக் ஹீலிங் ,ஹிப்னோ சிகிச்சை மேற்கொள்ள வேண்டும் .
எண்ணம், செயல் ஆகியவை மாறுபட்டு செயல்படும் மன கோளாறு
What Is Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe and debilitating mental illness. It is considered one of the psychotic mental disorders and is characterized by symptoms of thought, behavior, and social problems. The thought problems associated with schizophrenia are described as psychosis, in that the person's thinking is completely out of touch with reality at times.
What Is the History of Schizophrenia?
The term schizophrenia has only been in use since 1911. Soon before that, it was deemed a separate mental illness in 1887 by Emil Kraepelin. Despite that relatively recent history, it has been described throughout written history. Ancient Egyptian, Hindu, Chinese, Greek, and Roman writings described symptoms similar to the positive symptoms of schizophrenia. During medieval times, schizophrenia, like other illnesses, was often viewed as evidence of the sufferer being possessed by spirits or evil powers.
Who Is Affected?
Schizophrenia affects about 1% of the population, corresponding to more than 2 million people in the United States and 100,000-200,000 newly diagnosed people every year. Other statistics about schizophrenia include that it affects men about one and a half times more commonly than women and that 50% of people in hospital psychiatric care have schizophrenia. Diagnosis is usually in people aged 17-35 years with the illness appearing earlier in men (in the late teens or early 20s) than in women (who are affected in the 20s to early 30s)
How Common Is Schizophrenia in Children?
Although there have been fewer studies on schizophrenia in children compared to adults, researchers are finding that children as young as 6 years old can be found to have all the symptoms of their adult counterparts and continue to have those symptoms into adulthood.
Types of Schizophrenia
There are five types of schizophrenia, each based on the kind of symptoms the person has at the time of assessment:
We'll take a look at each type .
Paranoid-type schizophrenia is characterized by delusions and auditory hallucinations but relatively normal intellectual functioning and expression of affect. The delusions can often be about being persecuted unfairly or being some other person who is famous. People with paranoid-type schizophrenia can exhibit anger, aloofness, anxiety, and argumentativeness.
Disorganized-type schizophrenia is characterized by speech and behavior that are disorganized or difficult to understand, and flattening or inappropriate emotions. People with disorganized-type schizophrenia may laugh at the changing color of a traffic light or at something not closely related to what they are saying or doing. Their disorganized behavior may disrupt normal activities, such as showering, dressing, and preparing meals.
Catatonic-type schizophrenia is characterized by disturbances of movement. People with catatonic-type schizophrenia may keep themselves completely immobile or move all over the place. They may not say anything for hours, or they may repeat anything you say or do senselessly. Either way, the behavior is putting these people at high risk because it impairs their ability to take care of themselves.
Undifferentiated-type schizophrenia is characterized by episodes of two or more of the following symptoms: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or behavior, catatonic behavior or negative symptoms, but the individual does not qualify for a diagnosis of paranoid, disorganized, or catatonic type of schizophrenia.
Residual-type schizophrenia is characterized by a past history of at least one episode of schizophrenia, but the person currently has no positive symptoms (delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or behavior). It may represent a transition between a full-blown episode and complete remission, or it may continue for years without any further psychotic episodes.
What Are Causes of Schizophrenia?
There is no single cause for schizophrenia. Rather, it is the result of a complex group of genetic, psychological, and environmental factors. Genetically, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have much in common, in that the two disorders share a number of the same risk genes. However, the fact is that both illnesses also have some genetic factors that are unique. Environmentally, the risks of developing schizophrenia can even occur before birth. For example, the risk of schizophrenia is increased in individuals whose mother had one of certain infections during pregnancy. Difficult life circumstances during childhood, like the early loss of a parent, parental poverty, bullying, witnessing parental violence; emotional, sexual, or physical abuse; physical or emotional neglect; and insecure attachment have been associated with the development of this illness.
Is Schizophrenia Hereditary?
One frequently asked question about schizophrenia is if it is hereditary. As with most other mental disorders, schizophrenia is not directly passed from one generation to another genetically, but it is known to run in families. Thus, the risk of illness in an identical twin of a person with schizophrenia is 40%-50% and a child of a parent suffering from schizophrenia has a 10% chance of developing the illness.
A person with schizophrenia may not have any outward appearance of being ill. In other cases, the illness may be more apparent, causing changes in behavior as well as bizarre behaviors. These may include social withdrawal, depersonalization (intense anxiety and a feeling of being unreal), loss of appetite, loss of hygiene, delusions, hallucinations, and a sense of being controlled by outside forces. In order to better understand schizophrenia, the concept of clusters of symptoms is often used. Thus, people with schizophrenia can experience symptoms that may be grouped under the following categories shown in the slides that immediately follow.
Positive (More Overtly Psychotic) Symptoms
Negative (Deficit) Symptoms
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